Religion Past and Present

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(246 words)

[German Version]

(λάβαρον, λάβωρον). According to Eusebius of Caesarea Vita Const. I 26–31 (cf. II 7; Autopsy), a labarum is a vexillum (military standard) with a Christogram at the top, medallions of the emperor and his sons, and drapery attached to a crossbar. Introduced in the context of the Battle of the Milvian Bridge (Oct 28, 312) with the victory over Maxentius, it appears to have originated in the (probably one and only) vision of Constantine the Great, during which he allegedly saw a solar cross within a wreath (solar halo) in the sky while in Gaul (310), a sign…

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Frenschkowski, Marco, “Labarum”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 25 September 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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