Religion Past and Present

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(5,199 words)

[German Version]

I. Religious Studies – II. Bible – III. Sociology and Social History – IV. Economics – V. Theology and Social Ethics – VI. Philosophy

I. Religious Studies

Labor (or work) is an activity peculiar to human beings; it consists of acting purposefully to affect nature, which represents the raw material for labor. Unlike animals, human beings must deliberately transform nature, for example…

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Kehrer, Günter, Ebach, Jürgen, Brakelmann, Günter, Ruh, Hans and Müller, Severin, “Labor”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 29 June 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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