Religion Past and Present

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(700 words)

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I. Minoan and Mycenaean Religion – II. Symbolism

I. Minoan and Mycenaean Religion

The Greek word λαβύρινϑος/labýrinthos and the presumably cognate λάβρυς/lábrys, “(double-headed) axe,” come from a non-Greek or pre-Greek language stratum, from which the Greeks borrowed them somewhere in the Aegean-Anatolian region. In Asia Minor the toponym Labranda in Caria, with its shrine and the archaic cultic image of Zeus wielding a labrys (“Zeus Labraundeus”), points to Crete…

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Hiller, Stefan and Hutter, Manfred, “Labyrinth”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 04 March 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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