I. Old Testament – II. New Testament – III. Antiquity – IV. Middle Ages and the Modern Period
I. Old Testament
1. Terminology and boundaries
The terminology used for the land of Israel (cf. Israel), in the sense of the OT view of the land itself, and the definition of its borders varies greatly. The texts appear in the context of particular literary and theological concepts in which “the land” constitutes a thematic focus.
Hebrew has two words for land: (a) אֶרֶץ…