Religion Past and Present

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Learning, Autonomous
(442 words)

[German Version]

Both the German term Freiarbeit (“free work”) and the concept of autonomous learning have their roots in the pedagogical reform movement (Progressive education). M. Montessori (Montessori education), Peter Petersen, Hugo Gaudig, and Célestine Freinet advocate – with differing emphasis – the basic thesis that learning should be conceived as an open process in which, with self-direction, children (Child/Childhood) and young people (Youth/Adolescence) appropriate what they need for their development (III) and orientation in life.

Contemporary approaches t…

Cite this page
Berg, Horst Klaus, “Learning, Autonomous”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 12 November 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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