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(210 words)

[German Version]

Leontopolis, (Arab. Tell el-Yahudiyeh), an Egyptian city situated approx. 20 km to the north of Heliopolis and attested since the Old Kingdom (Egypt). A fortress during the Middle Kingdom and the Second Intermediate Period, it was endowed with sanctuaries in the New Kingdom (A.-P. Zivie, VI, 1985f., 331–335). According to Strabo and Flavius Josephus (both: Ant. XII 387f.; XIII 62–73), Onias IV purified the ruined temple in Leontopolis around 160 bce and, in allusion to Isa 19:19 (“an altar in the midst of Egypt”), erected a Jewish temple and an al…

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Küchler, Max, “Leontopolis”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 29 March 2020 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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