Religion Past and Present

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(153 words)

[German Version]

Licensing, as opposed to ordination, is usually an assignment of specific (mostly liturgical) tasks and functions to laypersons or the vesting of laypersons with permanent pastoral duties, performed in the context of a religious service. When the “minor vows,” which had been in existence from the mid-3rd century, were abolished by the papal missive Ministeria quaedam (Aug 15, 1972), they were replaced by the licensing of lectors (Reader) and acolytes; however, these ministries remained restricted to men. For this reason, the licensing…

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Karrer, Leo, “Licensing”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 26 May 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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