Religion Past and Present

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(732 words)

[German Version]

The term “lie” refers to a deliberate false claim or a denial of the truth. In the Old Testament, it is used, for example, in the context of malicious gossip (Ps 4:3, etc.). In the New Testament, “lie” (ψεῦδος/pseúdos) refers predominantly to the culpable negation of salvation interpreted as truth (John 14:6). Accordingly, the lie has satanic origins (John 8:44) and belongs to the sphere of the unredeemed (Rom 1:25; 3:5; cf. Ps 116:11). Already in the NT the term “lie” also occurs in polemic against heresy (e.g. 2 The…

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Heesch, Matthias, “Lie”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 24 January 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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