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Liṅga and Yoni
(309 words)

[German Version]

In Hinduism a liṅga (Sanskrit: “sign, distinguishing symbol, phallus”) is a phallic symbol of Śiva, common in or near temples of Śiva as a cylindrical pillar with a rounded top. It usually stands on a yoni (Sanskrit: “womb, vulva, source”), a bowl-shaped pedestal with a channel. The two together are considered a sign of creative energy and fertility and a symbol of Śiva and Śakti. What is probably the earliest liṅga, dating from the 2nd or 1st century bce, stands in Gudimallam in southeast India. There is no textual evidence of liṅga worship before the Mahābhārata epic. Liṅga…

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Michaels, Axel, “Liṅga and Yoni”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 06 June 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_13052>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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