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Louis IX (Saint)
(672 words)

[German Version]

(Apr 25, 1214, Poissy – Aug 25, 1270, Carthage), king of France; eldest son of Louis VIII (reigned 1223–1226) and Blanche of Castile (1188–1252). Louis became king of France at the age of twelve, initially under the guardianship of his mother, who remained coregent even after 1234. Louis's foreign policy was determined by three great spheres of influence: Byzantium (Constantinople/Byzantium), Islam, and the Mongol Empire. The alliance of the French king with the Mongols against Islam was a failure. Against the debauched world of the urban…

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Wolf, Gerhard Philipp, “Louis IX (Saint)”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 29 February 2020 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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