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Louis XIV
(240 words)

[German Version]

(Sep 5, 1638, Saint-Germain-en-Laye – Sep 1, 1715, Versailles), king of France from 1643. Louis's youth was marked by a revolt of the nobility and the Paris Parlement against Cardinal J. Mazarin, who reigned until 1661 on behalf of the king, who was still in his minority. Victory over this “Fronde” in 1653 laid the groundwork for French high absolutism, of which Louis, the “Sun King,” was virtually the ideal embodiment. Besides the continued expansion of a centralized administration, persecution of Protestants and Jansenists (Jansenism), confrontation with Rome …

Cite this page
Geiss, Peter, “Louis XIV”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 23 May 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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