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Maccabees, Books of the
(1,868 words)

[German Version]

In his commentary on Dan 4:3, Hippolytus of Rome mentions 1 Maccabees, the first mention of a numbering of the books of Maccabees. Codex Alexandrinus (5th cent.; Biblical manuscripts: II, 2) contains all four; it and other manuscripts show that they were transmitted as part of the Septuagint (Bible translations). 4 Maccabees also circulated as a work by Flavius Josephus under the title On the Superiority of Reason and in menologies. The Roman Catholic Church includes 1 and 2 Maccabees among the deuterocanonical books; the Protestant tradition inc…

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van Henten, Jan Willem, “Maccabees, Books of the”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 01 December 2020 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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