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(832 words)

[German Version]

The Sanskrit word Mādhyamika refers to the members of the Madhyamaka (“middle”) school of Mahāyāna Buddhism. The founder of the school is the acclaimed Nāgārjuna (c. 2nd cent. ce), the author of, among other texts, the fundamental philosophical treatise of the school, which is known to the later tradition as the Mūlamadhyamakakārikā. The title of this work as well as the terms Madhyamaka and Mādhyamika as designations for the school and its members do not seem to have been used by Nāgārjuna himself and are probably later developme…

Cite this page
MacDonald, Anne, “Mādhyamika”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 29 November 2023 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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