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Mandeville, Bernard de
(331 words)

[German Version]

(1670, Dordrecht or Rotterdam – Jan 21, 1733, Hackney, near London). Mandeville took degrees first in philosophy and then in medicine in Leiden; for a short time he practiced medi-cine in Rotterdam, specializing in ailments of the nerves and stomach. Later he lived in London as a physician and writer. In 1704 he renounced his title of nobility. In 1705 he published (anonymously) an allegorical poem, The Grumbling Hive, or Knaves Turn'd Honest: a prosperous beehive (the English nation) is enjoying an economic and cultural heyday because all occupation…

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Kronauer, Ulrich, “Mandeville, Bernard de”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 28 January 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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