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Maštoç, Mesrop, Saint
(152 words)

[German Version]

(355/360, Taron province, Armenia – Feb 17, 439, Oshakan), inventor of the Armenian alphabet and founder of ecclesiastical-theological literature as well as of the school of translation. Having studied in Edessa and Antioch from 385 onward, he was appointed court secretary to King Khosrov III (368–392); he became a monk in 394. In 404/405, as monk-priest under King Vṛamšapuh (392–420), he invented the Armenian alphabet still in use with its 36 letters. Together with his students, he translated the Bible into Armenian in 433/434 (Bible translations: I, 3.b), and c…

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Kuschel, Karl-Josef, “Maštoç, Mesrop, Saint”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 20 February 2020 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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