Religion Past and Present

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[German Version]

I. History of Religion – II. Philosophy – III. Theology

I. History of Religion

In one of the earliest usages in the German language, materialism was described as an “error,” i.e. “when a person denies the spiritual substance and refuses to recognize any other than the physical” (J.G. Walch, Philosophisches Lexikon, 1726, quoted from HWP V, 1980, 842). This negative characterization is the result of the philosophical and theological belief in the existence of spiritu…

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Figl, Johann, Hüttemann, Andreas and Evers, Dirk, “Materialism”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 05 August 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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