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Matter
(2,027 words)

[German Version]

I. Philosophy – II. Natural Sciences – III. Dogmatics

I. Philosophy

In philosophy, the concept of matter is used only in a metaphysical/ontological sense, in order to underlay spatial-temporal phenomena with a substratum. Thus, pre-Socratic natural philosophers already postulated the existence of a hýlē (ὕλη, Lat. materia, orig. “forest,” “wood”). For Thales, this was water, for Anaximander the apeiron (“indefinite”), for Anaximenes air, for Heraclitus fire, and for Democritus ind…

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Jammer, Max and Schwarke, Christian, “Matter”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 18 July 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_COM_13708>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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