Religion Past and Present

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(431 words)

[German Version]

(Gk μαυσωλῖον/mausōleíon, Lat. mausoleum) originally referred to the sumptuous burial complex of the Carian ruler Mausolus (reign: 377–353 bce), a satrap of the Persian Great King, in the middle of his capital Halicarnassus. The roughly 50 m high funerary structure, which was completed by his wife Artemisia, is documented by Pliny the Elder and Vitruvius, as well as by British excavations undertaken in 1856, and is one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The mausoleum was destroyed by an earthquake …

Cite this page
Happe, Barbara, “Mausoleum”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 09 August 2020 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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