Religion Past and Present

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Medici Family
(390 words)

[German Version]

From 1201, some members of this Florentine merchant family had served in high government offices in their city, but its definitive ascent began in 1421 with Giovanni di Bicci de' Medici (1360 – Feb 20, 1429, Florence) as gonfaloniere di giustizia (“banner bearer of justice”). After successes in foreign policy, the rich banker obligated himself to the popolo minuto (lower and middle classes) through a tax reform. His son Cosimo (Sep 27, 1389, Florence – Aug 1, 1464, Florence) was at first banished by a patrician party, but from 1429 to 1464 he dire…

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Weinhardt, Joachim, “Medici Family”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 18 January 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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