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[German Version]

Memra, Aramaic מימר/mymr or מימרא/mymr' (from אמר/'mr, “say, speak”) means “word,” “speech,” and is found in the targumim (Bible translations: I, 4) in the stereotyped expression “the word of YHWH.” In manuscripts and printings, the tetragram is replaced by the Hebrew letters he or by two yudim, to show that it should not be pronounced but be replaced by Adonai (“Lord”). Thus, this expression is comparable to other paraphrases of God's name in rabbinic tradition, such as maqom (literally “place”, i.e. God's omnipresence), shamaim (“heaven”), ha-gevura (“power,” in…

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Herrmann, Klaus, “Memra”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 23 June 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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