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Menken, Gottfried
(343 words)

[German Version]

(May 29, 1768, Bremen – Jun 1, 1831, Bremen) studied Protestant theology in Jena and Duisburg, became assistant preacher in Uedem on the Lower Rhine and in Frankfurt am Main, pastor in Wetzlar from 1786 to 1802, then pastor in Bremen until his retirement in 1825. Imbued with the sober, Bible-oriented piety of his parents, Menken developed his theology in polemical opposition to the Enlightenment and to Rationalism. In his first contribution to theology, an essay on demonology (GS VII, 1–76), he accordingly dismissed the conception of demons as an illness, insisting …

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Zweigle, Hartmut, “Menken, Gottfried”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 26 September 2020 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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