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Messalians/Euchites
(281 words)

[German Version]

(from Gk εὐχή, “prayer,” thus “one who prays,” Syr. Messalians). The Euchites are identifiable around 370 in Syria (Edessa/Antioch). The chief accusations against them are: their overemphasis on prayer and spiritual experience to expel sins conceived as demonic, their resulting disregard for the church and its sacraments (esp. baptism) as well as their renunciation of work and social relations. The Messalians belong in the tradition of free Syrian ascetics. The sole identifiable protagonist is Adelphius of Edessa. Self-testimonials such as the Asceticon condem…

Cite this page
Fitschen, Klaus, “Messalians/Euchites”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 24 September 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_04709>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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