Religion Past and Present

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Middle Knowledge
(321 words)

[German Version]

Middle knowledge is so called because it is located between two types of knowledge attributed to God in the Middle Ages. On the one hand, God possesses scientia simplicis intelligentiae (complete knowledge of God's own nature and the whole range of possibilities, also called scientia naturalis). On the other hand, God possesses scientia libera (knowledge of everything, past, present, and future, that happens as the result of an act of God's free will, by which God decides what possibilities will be realized). God's natural knowledge…

Cite this page
Sarot, Marcel, “Middle Knowledge”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 14 August 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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