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[German Version]

The term midrash, Hebrew מִדְרָשׁ (from bibl. drš, “to search, query, study”; nominalized form in 2 Chr 13:22; 24:27) denotes the rabbinic interpretation of Scripture and the works of rabbinic literature compiled for the purpose of its transmission. In addition to these midrashic works, the Talmudim also contain at times extensive compilations of scriptural interpretation that can be referred to as midrashim (the longest is b. Meg. 10b–17a on Esth). Midrashic elements are found furthermore in the Mishnah, the Tosefta, and especially in the Targumin (Bible translat…

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Becker, Hans-Jürgen, “Midrash”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 22 May 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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