Religion Past and Present

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[German Version]

In pre-Socratic times (Pre-Socratics) the notion of moderation was relevant among, for example, the Pythagoreans, for whom the harmony of the cosmos resulted from numbers as the elements of all things (DK 58 B 4). A significant departure from such conceptions of order (Order: I), which were generally predominant in Greek culture (e.g. in Solon's legislation), was that of the Sophistic school, which placed moderation in an individual perspective and thereby elevated unrestrained heightening to an ideal, as for instance in the context of desire (Plato Gorg. 492d–e). …

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Steinmann, Michael, “Moderation”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 18 July 2024 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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