Religion Past and Present

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(248 words)

[German Version]

(Sanskrit “liberation,” also mukti) designates the attainment of the state of salvation in the Indian religions (Hinduism) of the post-Vedic period (Vedas), i.e. release from the cycle of birth and rebirth (Reincarnation, saṃsāra). Largely synonymous concepts are apavarga (“completion”), kaivalya (“isolation”), niḥśreyasa (“the best”), and nirvāṇa (“cessation”). The liberated being also escapes the cyclical regeneration of the world (a view rejected by the Ājīvikas). Mokṣa is normally only possible during an incarnation as a human being; it is…

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Schneider, Johannes, “Mokṣa”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 09 August 2020 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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