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(831 words)

[German Version]

This polemical neologism means “fighter against (absolute) monarchy,” and was defined by William Barclay in his De regno et regali potestate (1600). The terrorism that reached its peak in the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre raised among French Protestants (Huguenots) the question of the limits of the duty of obedience and the right of resistance (Resistance, Right of) in relation to tyrannical monarchs. François Hotman, T. Beza, L. Danaeu, and Stephanus Junius Brutus (probably a pseudonym for P. du Plessis Mornay and/or H. Languet) discussed the questions on the…

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Ohst, Martin, “Monarchomachs”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 19 May 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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