Religion Past and Present

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[German Version]

I. Comparative Religion – II. Christianity – III. Buddhism – IV. Monastic Law

I. Comparative Religion

The term monastery (or cloister) derives from the Christian tradition, where it denotes the living and working quarters, relatively secluded from the outside world, of a monastic community leading some type of ascetic life (Asceticism; see II below). In the broader context of other religions, the term is also tied to the context of monasticism…

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Freiberger, Oliver, Köpf, Ulrich, Mürmel, Heinz and Kalb, Herbert, “Monasteries”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 15 May 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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