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Monte Cassino
(423 words)

[German Version]

The abbey of Monte Cassino was founded in 539 by Benedict of Nursia in the area of the Roman Casinum. After its destruction by the Lombards in 577, its monks fled to Rome. In 718, Monte Cassino was refounded by Abbot Petronax from Brescia. In 744, the duke of Benevento, Gisulf II, donated land to the abbey, which was later extended. In 787, Charlemagne confirmed the abbey's possession. By papal privileges, Monte Cassino was made exempt from episcopal influence (Exemption). Abbot Girulf (799–817) oversaw the building of a three-aisled basilica. Carloman, Cha…

Cite this page
Rieger, Reinhold, “Monte Cassino”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 01 December 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_14425>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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