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Months, Papal
(173 words)

[German Version]

Papal months (menses papales) were initially the first two months in a quarter, then the odd-numbered months in the year, in which a benefice had to be settled, som that the pope would have the sole right to appoint, as opposed to otherwise legitimate authorities (esp. bishops). In the early Middle Ages the popes had increasingly succeeded in obtaining this reservation; it was contractually laid down for the empire in the Vienna Concordat of 1448. Papal months, modified by privileges and indults to the Ordinaries, especially the three spiritual prince-electors…

Cite this page
Schneider, Bernd Christian, “Months, Papal”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 10 July 2020 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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