Religion Past and Present

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(878 words)

[German Version]

in general usage denotes the distinctive quality of a person's behavior, which may be good or bad, just or unjust. This qualification, originally applied to action as such, is extended to the attitudes, opinions (Virtues, Vices), and character of the persons acting, and beyond that to institutions (Norms, systems). The occurrence of morality presupposes that human action is doubly motivated: (a) empirically and through the senses (Desire/Lack of desire); and (b) from practical reason (Conscience), which unconditionally (categorically) imposes an obligat…

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Anzenbacher, Arno, “Morality”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 28 September 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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