Religion Past and Present

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(319 words)

[German Version]

(c. 2nd–3rd cent. ce) is regarded as the founder of the Madhyamaka doctrine (Mādhyamika) and the first philosophical school of Mahāyāna Buddhism. According to legend, Nāgārjuna spent most of his life in South India in the Āndhra kingdom. Accounts of his life and traditional information concerning his literary output are dubious. Nāgārjuna's fundamental opus is a tractate containing 27 chapters: the Mūlamadhyamakakārikās (MMK). The greater part of this work is devoted to proof of the ultimate non-existence of the things considered to exist in…

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Oetke, Claus, “Nāgārjuna”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 05 December 2023 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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