Religion Past and Present

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National Socialism
(8,676 words)

[German Version]

I. History and Church History

1. Historical and political context.

National Socialism as a political movement was born in Munich in 1919 with the founding of the National Socialist German Workers’ Party (Nazi Party) appealing to a nationalistic and anti-Semitic lower middle class. Under the leadership of Adolf Hitler, it soon gained a following among almost all social strata in Germany. It became a political force to be reckoned w…

Cite this page
Nicolaisen, Carsten and Graf, Friedrich Wilhelm, “National Socialism”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 29 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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