Religion Past and Present

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Natural Condition
(553 words)

[German Version]

I. Philosophy

The natural condition is to be understood as a state of pre-political individual freedom (V). The concept has its roots in ancient philosophy, but only comes to play a prominent role in the context of modern political thought, in the interpretation of the normative foundations of society and the state. The category serves, particularly in connection with natural law, as a means of extrapolating from concrete social conditions and of obtaining a basis for the evaluation and legitimation of dominion. The transi…

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Zenkert, Georg and Lohmann, Friedrich, “Natural Condition”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 06 December 2023 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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