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[German Version]

The Nazoreans (or Nazarenes) were a 4th/5th century group of Jewish Christians (II), first mentioned by Epiphanius of Salamis (Haer. XXIX: Ναζωραῖοι/Nazōraíoi) and Jerome (Nazaraei/Nazareni) and later, independently, by Augustine of Hippo and Theodoret of Cyrrhus. The name is derived from Ναζωραῖος/Nazōraíos, a Grecized form of Aramaic נָצְרָיָה/nāṣrāyā, found in the New Testament as an epithet of Jesus “of Nazareth” (Matt 2:23; 26:71; etc.), with echoes of Hebrew נֵצֶר/nēṣer (“shoot”: Isa 11:1) and נָזִיר/nāzîr (“consecrated”: Judg 13:5, 7; 16:7; etc.; N…

Cite this page
Frey, Jörg, “Nazoreans”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 28 November 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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