Religion Past and Present

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(251 words)

[German Version]

emerged as a philosophical orientation in Italy around the middle of the 18th century, and reached the height of its influence as the main current of Neoscholasticism in the 19th century and at Vatican I. Neo-Thomism became the predominant school following the doctrinal approval of Thomas Aquinas’s (III) preeminent significance in Pope Leo XIII’s encyclical Aeterni patris (1879; DH 3135–3140) and the recommendation that the study of philosophy and theology at Catholic academies should conform with Thomistic teaching (CIC/1917 c. 1366); it remained preemine…

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Fliethmann, Thomas, “Neo-Thomism”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 24 July 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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