Religion Past and Present

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(210 words)

[German Version]

The term νεόϕυτος/neóphytos (“newly planted”) appears in the New Testament only in 1 Tim 3:6 (possibly influenced by Isa 5:7 LXX; cf. also 1 Cor 3:5–9), where it refers to a recent adult convert, who is excluded from the office of bishop (cf. also the Syriac Didascalia 4). Canon 2 of the Council of Nicea in 325 forbids ordination to the priesthood or episcopate immediately after baptism; similar decrees appear in canon 3 of the Council of Laodicea (between 343 and 381), Apostolic Canons 80, and canon 19 of the Fourth Council of Toledo (633). Canon 10 (13) of the…

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Kinzig, Wolfram, “Neophytes”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 18 October 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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