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Neophytes
(210 words)

[German Version]

The term νεόϕυτος/neóphytos (“newly planted”) appears in the New Testament only in 1 Tim 3:6 (possibly influenced by Isa 5:7 LXX; cf. also 1 Cor 3:5–9), where it refers to a recent adult convert, who is excluded from the office of bishop (cf. also the Syriac Didascalia 4). Canon 2 of the Council of Nicea in 325 forbids ordination to the priesthood or episcopate immediately after baptism; similar decrees appear in canon 3 of the Council of Laodicea (between 343 and 381), Apostolic Canons 80, and canon 19 of the Fourth Council of Toledo (633). Canon 10 (13) of the…

Cite this page
Kinzig, Wolfram, “Neophytes”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 16 July 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_124053>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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