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Neume
(194 words)

[German Version]

Neumes (from Gk νεῦμα/neúma, “nod, sign”), first attested in the early 9th century, are the earliest forms of musical notation. Neumes represented all the sound for a single syllable, either a single pitch or a group of pitches; in the 11th century, neumes were set down in tabular form, along with their names. The original neumes were lineless (adiastematic, in campo aperto) and intended primarily to guide interpretation (rhythm, segmentation, dynamics, rhetoric, etc.) of a choral repertoire learned by rote. Neumed manuscripts were meant fo…

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Praßl, Franz Karl, “Neume”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 19 September 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_024077>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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