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(441 words)

[German Version]

The modern name Iznik comes from the Greek εἰς Νίκεαν/eis Níkean, “to Nicea.” In the 4th century bce, it was a settlement of Bottians within the Persian Empire (Iran: II). The original name, Helikorḗ (“abounding in tendrils”), indicates that the early settlement was a center of viticulture. After Alexander the Great’s conquest of the Persian Empire, the Macedonian general Lysimachus was installed as administrator; he renamed the city after his wife, Nicea. Under Bithynian rule from 281 to 75 bce, the city became part of the Roman province of Bithynia in 64 bce. The Lex Pom…

Cite this page
Schneider, Ariane, “Nicea”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 22 January 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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