Religion Past and Present

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(278 words)

[German Version]

In his letter to the church in Ephesus, in Rev 2:6 John the Seer mentions the Nicolaitans, whose works that church hates. They are mentioned again in the letter to Pergamum in connection with people who hold to the teaching of Balaam (2:14f.). The Nicolaitans, the followers of Balaam, and the followers of the prophetess Jezebel (2:20) are adherents of a teaching described as involving “food sacrificed to idols” and “fornication.” It is reasonable to assume that John’s opponents are groups belonging to the same theologica…

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Heiligenthal, Roman, “Nicholas/Nicolaitans”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 04 June 2023 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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