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Nirvāṇa
(440 words)

[German Version]

The Sanskrit word nirvāṇa (Pāli nibbāna; lit. “extinction”) is one of several terms for the final stage and goal of the path of salvation in Indian religions, especially Buddhism. Early Buddhist texts view nirvāṇa as the state attained through awakening (bodhi; Enlightenment [Spiritual]) or liberating knowledge (ājñā, Pāli añña; Redemption: IX). In this state, ignorance, desire, and hate, which lead to suffering and rebirth, are “extinguished,” ending the imprisonment of the individual in the universal, painful cycle of rebirth ( Samsāra ). In the texts, this…

Cite this page
Freiberger, Oliver, “Nirvāṇa”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 15 May 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_024148>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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