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Numenius of Apamea
(274 words)

[German Version]

(2nd cent.ce) Platonist; born in Apamea (Syria); probably taught in Rome. From his writings, numerous extracts survive in Eusebius of Caesarea’s Praeparatio Evangelica. Numenius teaches that Plato agrees not only with Pythagoras, but also with the wisdom of the Brahmins, Jews, Egyptians, and Magi. He calls Plato the “Attic-speaking Moses.” Numenius gives a strictly dualistic interpretation of the two principles of oneness and plurality. He ranks the One/the Good above Ideas and the demiurge, and defines it as being itself (Gk αὐτοόν/autoón) and the “first inte…

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Halfwassen, Jens, “Numenius of Apamea”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 29 May 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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