Religion Past and Present

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(413 words)

[German Version]

is a theory of causality which disputes the existence of natural causes. It defines God as the sole true cause of all events in the world. Natural objects merely represent opportunities (occasiones) for divine action. However, God does not intervene arbitrarily in the world, but brings about all events in accordance with natural law. Accordingly, the world is discernible to human beings as ordered creation.

On the basis of the axiom that “God has the power to do all” (Qurʾān, sura 2:20, 106, 109), the 10th-century Muslim scholar al-Ašʿarī defen…

Cite this page
Perler, Dominik, “Occasionalism”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 19 October 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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