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[German Version]

has been the traditional name of a special philosophical discipline since the time of Rudolf Glocenius, in the 17th century. However, its systematic status as well as its main scope had already been assigned to it much earlier by Aristotle under the heading of “first philosophy” (ἡ πρώτη ϕιλοσοϕία/hē prōtē philosophía), with the question as to how things that exist are characterized as such (ὄν ἥ ὄν/ón hḗ ón; cf. Metaph. 1026 a 30–31). In the dialogue Sophista, however, Plato already presents a critical discussion of the subject, continuing lines of th…

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Enskat, Rainer, “Ontology”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 26 June 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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