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Ophir
(209 words)

[German Version]

is a semilegendary land of gold, reachable by ship from Elath (1 Kgs 9:28; 10:11; 22:49). According to Gen 10:29 (post-P), which makes Ophir a “son of Joktan” and a “brother of Havilah” (Hā’il or the Nufũd desert?), it was probably on the western coast of Arabia; the alternative Punt (Somalia) is based on the catalogue of trade goods in 1 Kgs 10:22, including ivory and apes, but Ophir may also have been a transfer station for the transport of Somali goods. In the mid-10th century bce, gold was mined in the vicinity of Medina. The gold of Ophir was proverbial (Isa 13:12; Ps…

Cite this page
Knauf, Ernst Axel, “Ophir”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 12 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_024252>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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