Religion Past and Present

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(11,720 words)

[German Version]

I. Terminology – II. Christianity – III. Judaism – IV. Islam

I. Terminology

The term orthodoxy derives from Greek ὀρϑός/orthós, “right, true, straight,” and δόξα/dóxa, “opinion, teaching.” The word and its derivatives appear in pre-Christian literature (Liddell & Scott, s.v.) but acquired their specifically religious sense only in the context of Christianity, where confession of Jesus as Lord or Christ plays a constitutive role in religious practice (Rom 10:…

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Slenczka, Notger, Hünermann, Peter, Wallmannb, Johannes, Kaufmann, Thomas, Morgenstern, Matthias and Knysh, Alexander, “Orthodoxy”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 25 July 2024 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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