Religion Past and Present

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Pancasila
(233 words)

[German Version]

From its first formulation by President Achmed Sukarno, the Pancasila (from Sanksrit pañcaśīla, “five principles”) has been understood as a “state philosophy” guiding the people of Indonesia’s various ethnic communities, able to unite them in a single nation. Since the proclamation of the Republic of Indonesia in 1945, it has been in the preamble of all the various constitutions. In its original form, it read: “Belief in the one and only God. Just and civilized humanity. The unity of Indonesia. Democracy …

Cite this page
Becker, Dieter, “Pancasila”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 17 October 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_024340>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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