Religion Past and Present

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(248 words)

[German Version]

(Gk “all-animating”) goes back to Francesco Patrizzi’s Panpsychia (1591), and denotes the idea of a vital world-soul (anima mundi) penetrating everything that is, as encountered in the philosophy of the Renaissance (G. Bruno, B. de Spinoza), the Enlightenment (G.W. Leibniz), and Romanticism (F.W.J. Schelling, J.G. Herder, H. Heine). Closely related to pantheism and pansophism, panpsychism opposes the mechanistic worldview of I. Newton, which reduces God to the role of artificer, who eventually hands over all he has created to the laws set up for creation (Deism). …

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Schüle, Andreas, “Panpsychism”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 25 January 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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