Religion Past and Present

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I. Religious Studies – II. The Pantheon in Rome

I. Religious Studies

In classical usage, attested since the Hellenistic period, a pantheon (Gk pántheion) was a shrine dedicated to “all the gods” (hoi theoí pántes). In modern scholarship, the term has come to be used in describing polytheistic (Monotheism and Polytheism) systems, in particular the 12 Olympian gods of Greece. This example also illustrates the problem presented by pantheons: what modern presentations treat as a cl…

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Rüpke, Jörg and Hitzl, Konrad, “Pantheon”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 08 August 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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